Carbon Footprint Calculation

Carbon Footprint Calculation

Carbon footprint calculation helps to identify the environmental impact generated by products, services, buildings, or systems throughout their lifecycle. In addition to providing a quantitative number, carbon footprint studies provide a comprehensive understanding of the significance of different factors contributing to the total carbon footprint.

Key Benefits
Identifying the impact of the most significant emission factors
Identifying development areas
Improving the understanding of the impact of climate change of products, companies, or buildings
Enables reaching low-carbon or carbon neutral operations

Carbon footprint of a product 

Companies are increasingly interested in the carbon footprints of products. Carbon footprints describe the amount of greenhouse gas emissions generated during the life cycle of a product. The calculation typically considers the entire life cycle of a product – from cradle to grave. However, it can also be calculated e.g., with cradle to gate system boundaries, which means the carbon footprint of the production and transportation of raw materials as well as the manufacturing of a product. This enables you to identify points of improvement in your own operation. 

The results can be used e.g., to support research and development work as well as in communication and marketing showing potential and current customers the company’s responsibility/sustainability activities in practice. The intended use of the study usually defines the extent of the calculation, and the service can be customized for specific needs. 

We calculate carbon footprints according to international standards: ISO 14040 and 14040 for life cycle assessment, and ISO 14067 for product carbon footprints. Our experts will recommend the most appropriate methods of calculation for your needs.  

Carbon footprint of an organization 

The carbon footprint of an organization describes the amount of greenhouse gas emissions generated by the organization’s own operation and value chain (e.g., the transportation of raw materials and products.) When calculating the carbon footprint of an organization, the guidelines of GHG Protocol are typically followed. We can also follow the guidelines of ISO 14064 which supports taxonomy reporting.  

The results are typically used as a part of sustainability reporting, to support emission reduction targets and for emission monitoring purposes (e.g., as a part of ISO 14001 and 9001 systems). With the calculations, the organizations can identify the factors having the highest impact on the carbon footprint and how it can be decreased.  

Carbon footprint of buildings 

Carbon footprint calculation reveals the environmental burdens of buildings in different life cycle phases. Production of the materials, construction of the building, use phase and end-of-life (deconstruction), including material and energy recovery of the building materials are all included in the calculation. 

Carbon footprint studies can be used e.g., when selecting suppliers, materials or construction methods. In practice, this means that you can identify the impact of different materials and carbon-neutral construction sites to the total carbon footprint of the building. 

The carbon footprint results can be presented per different parts of a building in order to identify which has the most significant impact on the total carbon footprint. This enables the prioritization of actions that strive towards more low-carbon buildings. For example, material choices may have notable impact on the total carbon footprint. 

We carry out carbon footprint calculations according to your information needs in different construction phases, be it project planning or construction phase. We always consider your information needs and value a flexible and customer-driven mindset. 

Credible calculation methods ensure the quality of calculation. We typically calculate carbon footprint for buildings according to EN 15978:2011. We also calculate carbon footprints according to calculation method developed by the Ministry of the Environment in Finland and European LEVEL(S) method.  

Trainings related to carbon footprint calculation  

In addition to carbon footprint calculation, we offer training tailored to your needs, so that decision making based on facts and conversation with stakeholders would be easier.  

We have held general level training days about the main features of carbon footprint calculation but also trained companies for more specific topics, for example GaBi and EoL modelling and methods. Training can be held for individual companies, or they can be tailored for one field or industry. 

Our customers have thanked us for our clear presentations, that have given a substantial info package on carbon footprint calculation and helped them to understand what carbon footprint means, and which factors are behind the formation of carbon footprint. Through our training, our customers have also gained a better understanding of communication and aspects related to the carbon footprint.  

Heli Kumpulainen

Senior Consultant
+358 40 772 9012
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